So Much Fruit – How Many Jars?

There is something very reassuring about the process of canning. Am I the only one that loves to look at rows of cooling jars whilst waiting expectantly for the ping that tells you they have sealed correctly?

Our ‘big room’ upstairs, the one that has aspirations of becoming two bedrooms but is currently a repository for everything that we can’t find a home for anywhere else, now looks like a bomb has hit it. I’ve been going through boxes and boxes of jars and organising them into sizes suitable for jam, chutney, canned fruit etc. Those more organised than I would have designated boxes that once empty the jars can be returned to. Given the time this method would save I may make a concerted effort to implement it this year.

Right now I’m making a list and checking it twice because once the garden kicks into producing fruit and veg at a rate of knots, that is not the time to realise you are short of jars, lids and any other bits and pieces that you require to put up the harvest. Similarly, it helps if you have some idea of just how many jars you will need to contain a bumper crop of tomatoes or apples.

Here is a little chart I’d like to share with you that outlines the approximate yields for various fruits and, of course, tomatoes. Hope this helps. Happy canning!

APPROXIMATE YIELDS FOR CANNED FRUITS

 Fruit                               Weight        No. of quart/liter jars       Per quart/liter jar

Apples                              48 lbs / 22 kg                    16-19                     2.75 lbs /1 kg
Applesauce                     48 lbs / 22 kg                    14-19                          3 lbs / 1.25 kg
Apricots                          50 lbs / 23 kg                    20-25                       2.25 lbs / 1 kg
Berries                            36 lbs / 16 kg                    18-24                      1.75 lbs / 0.8 kg
Cherries                          25 lbs /11 kg                       8-12                        2.5 lbs / 1 kg
Grape Juice                    26 lbs / 12 kg                       7-9                         3.5 lbs / 1.5 kg
Grapes, Whole              26 lbs / 12 kg                     12-14                         2 lbs / 0.9 kg
Peaches & Nectarines  48 lbs / 22 kg                    16-24                        2.5 lbs / 1 kg
Pears                               50 lbs / 23 kg                    16-25                        2.5 lbs / 1 kg
Plums                              56 lbs / 25 kg                     22-36                         2 lbs / 0.9 kg

Tomatoes

Crushed                           53 lbs / 24 kg                     17-20                     2.75 lbs / 1 kg
Whole or Halved           53 lbs /24 kg                      15-21                          3 lbs/ 1.25 kg
Juice                                  53 lbs / 24 kg                    15-18                    3.25 lbs / 1.25 kg
Sauce (thin)                     53 lbs /24 kg                      10-12                        5 lbs / 2.25 kg
Sauce  (thick)                  53 lbs / 24 kg                        7-9                       6.5 lbs / 3 kg

Natural Control of Fleas, Ticks and Flies.

I know I’m not the only one that hates the thought of using commercial pest repellents  in the house and garden but we need something in our arsenal if we are to win the war on ticks and fleas.  Right now the little devils are on the war path so here’s a few ideas on how we can repel ticks and fleas naturally.

Essential Oils

essential oils for fleas and ticks
essential oils for fleas and ticks

Essential oils are not only an effective weapon but by and large it is the ones that smell delicious that also pack a punch in the war against ticks and fleas. However, and it is a big however, essentials oils and cats are not always happy combination. Humans have a much higher tolerance for phenol in essential oils and so while we often use them daily, if you have felines living with you please, please be aware of which oils pose a risk to them.

So, before we go any further here is a run down of the oils that are known to be safe for cats.

Cedarwood
Cedarwood essential oil is often made without phenol and therefore would be one essential oil that is safe for cats—but before you buy a bottle just check the label for contents to be sure.

Lemongrass
Lemongrass is a safe essential oil to use around cats at a low concentration but it shouldn’t be ingested or applied directly to their skin. It would be useful to spray their bedding or cat trees etc.

Rosemary
To use rosemary as flea repellent,  rather than using the oil per se, boil a small saucepan of water with a sprig of rosemary.  Let it steep for a while then strain. Dilute the rosemary tea with equal parts water and rub through your cat’s fur. If your cat will allow you bath them without drawing blood you could add the tea to a tub of warm water and sponge through the coat (Good Luck with that idea!)

Our dogs can benefit from a slightly more comprehensive range of essential oils, but always in dilutions and moderation.

Lemongrass is a powerful insecticidal oil and is well suited as a flea deterrent.

Cedarwood is especially effective when blended with citronella or lemongrass.

Citronella is a highly effective essential oil that sends fleas and ticks packing!

Lavender is a wonderful insect repellent. While we find its clean fresh scent soothing bugs of all kinds can’t stand it.

Dr. Bens Paws and Claws Flea and Tick Spray is an excellent, tried and trusted product if you are looking for a safe, effective and natural treatment that you can use on both your dogs and cats.

Happily many fragrances that smell wonderful to us are highly repellent to ticks. Lavender, peppermint, citronella, lemongrass, cedar, rose geranium and citrus essential oils have all been shown to be a powerful tick repellents.  Buy or make your own soaps and shampoos that are naturally enhanced with these plant oils.

To make your own bug repellent start with a carrier oil such as sweet almond oil or olive oil. To each 30ml of carrier oil add 12 drops of essential oil to create a natural repellent that you can spray, or smooth, onto your skin.

Diatomaceous Earth

Diatomaceous Earth a grey-white powdery substance made from the fossilized remains of  tiny aquatic organisms called diatoms. It’s perfectly safe for humans and animals to ingest but to our pesky foes it’s deadly.  As DE isn’t a poison (it wreaks havoc on their exoskeleton causing them to die of dehydration) ticks and fleas can’t become immune to it so it remains an effective weapon year after year.

Do keep in mind though that you must still act with some caution as DE is deadly to all insects – the good and the troublesome – so limit its use to the areas you know to be a problems.

You may have to buy diatomaceous earth (DE) on-line but it is a fabulous product to have to hand.  Sprinkle it around in the areas where you are likely to find ticks and fleas, both inside and outside the house.

Chickens, Duck and Guinea Fowl

hens for flea and tick control
hens for flea and tick control

Free-ranging fowl are a great addition to any pest management system. Let them loose in your garden and they’ll get to work immediately eating grubs, grasshoppers, flies and ticks.

Tame The Jungle

Tall grass, moisture and shade are the prefered environment for ticks, so keep your grass cut short, bushes trimmed and leaves etc raked up.

DIY Fly Trap

And what about the plain old, super annoying house fly? Well, a simple to build DIY fly trap can be found here. It certainly isn’t pretty, and the more it molders the better. Just put it in an out of the way place and let it do its thing.

Lastly, what about those unknown munchers that are using your garden as an all you can eat buffet?  Here is a garlic and mint spray that will convince them to move on to your neighbour’s garden when they are in the mood for a snack…

The Cookbook

Mogilino House in Winter
Mogilino in Winter

I arrived in Mogilino at the end of March 2013 and, so far, living here has been a wonderful experience. Sure enough the language is a challenge and having English speaking neighbours that so kindly come to my rescue when I run into problems has made me very lazy in coming to grips with Bulgarian (but I WILL make a serious effort over the winter!).

There is one thing that I do struggle with however and that is the plight of some of the animals, dogs and cats in particular. Unsurprisingly a few of the homeless are now keeping me company. There are amazing people all over the country doing wonderful work but, as well as a huge commitment of time, it takes money. Food, housing, vet bills, rehoming costs…it’s a bottomless pit.

So, as I’m nearing the completion of my current writing project I’ve decided to try to raise a bit of money to help with those never-ending costs. However, I figure it wouldn’t hurt to do something nice for ourselves too! With that in mind the first of the fundraising projects is a cookbook featuring favourite recipes, those you find yourself reaching for the most, since coming to Bulgaria. I’m hoping some of you will help the cause by submitting some of your best loved recipes too.

I’m particularly looking for typically Bulgarian dishes; recipes from home (wherever home for you might have originally been); perhaps recipes you’ve developed to make old favourites that are hard to find or expensive here; recipes that make use of the wonderful local produce.

If you would like to include a short intro telling us a bit about the dish – or yourself –  that would be great, but if you’re shy it is by no means mandatory.

All profits from the book will be donated to help animals in need in Bulgaria.

 

If you would like to submit a recipe please email it to:

Botb@gmail.com In the subject line please put “recipe submission”

Or if you prefer, use the form below.

 that would be great

Personally, I love cookbooks so this is one project I am really looking forward to!